Body Mass Index A-z

The body mass index (BMI) is the ratio of body weight and height. A formula has been prepared to make the calculation quick and simple and represents a useful guide for those working in the fitness and weight loss areas. Some professionals agree that it isn’t an accurate method, because it fails to take account of elements such as age, body structure, and genetic factors. Men have a lower percentage of body fat compared to women; as muscle weighs heavier than fat, muscular people will show a higher BMI than a person who has less muscle development.

When considering whether a person is obese, it is useful to know what percentage of their weight is fat. When the body fat percentage is greater than average, it means that action must be taken to reduce weight by eliminating a portion of this fat. The main methods used to effectively accomplish this will be good diet and nutrition combined with suitable exercise.

How do you to see if you have normal weight obesity? Normal weight obesity applies to those people who’ve a normal BMI or body mass index but still have a large percentage of body fat. Both BMI and body fat percentages can be measured by various means to ascertain whether you meet the criterion for normal weight obesity. Body fat percentages of greater than twenty percent in males and thirty percent in women are deemed to be diagnostic for this condition.


On the BMI body mass is produced by cutting a person’s weight in pounds by height in inches squared and multiplied by 703. ‘ (Department of Health and Human Services). As their website suggests, the BMI has other limitations. Namely the breakdown of body mass into sub categories of fat, muscle and bone density aren’t taken into consideration. Nor is the lifestyle or age of person used in determining body fat vs. body mass.

Hydrostatic weighing: this, too, is known as underwater weighing and is the more accurate of all methods. It has to be made by a professional and involves the body being completely submerged in water.

Body fat calipers: calipers are a hand-held device with a scissor-like action. A pinch of skin and flesh is taken in the calipers and a measure taken. This is repeated in several different places on the organization and results recorded. A formula is then used to determine the fat percentage. This is the more common method used.

Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA): uses a machine that sends a slight electrical impulse into the organization which can measure the quantity of the fatty tissue. It is completely safe and painless, and surprisingly accurate.

Overcoming obesity is a challenging experience. However, it is essential to preserve good health and longevity. Constant support and encouragement is needed, and a degree of self motivation will be needed to adhere to the measures that will be introduced in order to achieve weight loss results.

When body fat measurements have been made, there is a record that can serve as a comparison for future measurements. This will show the progress achieved and will provide a psychological boost to learn that the effort to lose weight is yielding results. Likewise, BMI calculations will show an improvement as body fat is lost owing to the weight loss program put into place.

Another good way to measure results is to make a weight chart. Fill in the first day you were weighed, your BMI and your weight, and do this after every weigh-in. You can see how you’re progressing and how much weight is being lost.

BMI and body fat measurements are tools used by health care professionals to assess clients in the weight loss industry. They provide a practical guide to help to see how they can assist the client to lose weight. Weight loss will rely on increasing movement and controlling eating and drinking habits.

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